Houses in Kusadasi If you have ever traveled to any place and gone on tours, you would definitely agree that the handiest thing during your travel is a map. When you visit Turkey, you would find out that there are many tours to engage in. These are part of the excitement in Turkey and definitely a tourist should never miss the golden chance of sightseeing one of the greatest historical monuments in the world including one of the seven wonders of the ancient world that is, the temple of Artemis located in Ephesus. Kusadasi Real Estate Ephesus tours are very interesting and a tourist should never miss them. This are is rich in history and culture and full of great architectural design beautifully made of marble and mosaic. Some of the buildings remain there in their original form, while some are restored. The history of Ephesus is very interesting which makes the tours even more fascinating. Houses in Kusadasi
Kusadasi Real Estate Finally in 1869, at the bottom of a muddy twenty-foot deep test pit, his crew struck the base of the great temple. Wood then excavated the whole foundation removing 132,000 cubic yards of the swamp to leave a hole some 300 feet wide and 500 feet long. kusadasi real estate The remains of some of the sculptured portions of the temple were found and shipped to the British Museum where they can be viewed today.
In 1904 another British Museum expedition under the leadership of D.G. Kusadasi Real Estate Hograth continued the excavation. Hograth found evidence of five temples on the site, each one constructed on top of the remains of another. Today the site of the temple near the modern town of Selçuk is only a marshy field. A single column has been erected to remind visitors that once there stood in this place one of the wonders of the ancient world. Kusadasi Real Estate
Real Estate Kusadasi In 1863 the British Museum sent John Turtle Wood, an architect, to search for the temple. Wood met with many obstacles. The region was infested with bandits. Workers were hard to find. His budget was too small. Perhaps the biggest difficulty was that he had no idea where the temple was located. Real Estate Agents in Kusadasi He searched for the temple for six years. Each year the British Museum threatened to cut off his funding unless he found something significant, and each year he convinced them to fund him for just one more season.
Wood kept returning to the site each year many despite hardships. Construction Companies in Kusadasi During his first season he was thrown from a horse, breaking his collar bone. Two years later he was stabbed within an inch of his heart during an assassination attempt upon the British Consul in Smyrna. Real Estate Kusadasi
Estate Agents Kusadasi It was Paul’s Christianity that won out in the end, though. By the time the great Temple of Artemis was destroyed during a raid by the Goths in 268 A.D., both the city and the religion of Artemis were in decline. The temple was rebuilt again, but in 391 it was closed by the Roman Emperor Theodosius the Great after he made Christianity the state religion. The temple itself was destroyed by a Christian mob in 401 and the stoned was recycled into other buildings. Property in Kusadasi When the Roman Emperor Constantine rebuilt much of Ephesus a century later, he declined to restore the temple. He too had become a Christian and had little interest in pagan religions.
Despite Constantine’s efforts, Ephesus declined in its importance as a crossroads of trade. The bay where ships docked disappeared as silt from the river filled it. Real Estate In the end what was left of the city was miles from the sea, and many of the inhabitants left the swampy lowland to live in the surrounding hills. Those that remained used the ruins of the temple as a source of building materials. Many of the fine sculptures were pounded into powder to make lime for wall plaster. Estate Agents Kusadasi
Real Estate Kusadasi The city continued to prosper over the next few hundred years and was the destination for many pilgrims coming to view the temple. A souvenir business in miniature Artemis idols, perhaps similar to a statue of her in the temple, grew up around the shrine. It was one of these business proprietors, a man named Demetrius, that gave St. Paul a difficult time when he visited the city in 57 A.D. Kusadasi Property
St. Paul came to the city to win converts to the then new religion of Christianity. He was so successful that Demetrius Estate Kusadasi feared the people would turn away from Artemis and he would lose his livelihood. He called others of his trade together with him and gave a rousing speech ending with “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!” They then seized two of Paul’s companions and a near riot followed during a meeting at the city theater. Eventually, however, the city was quieted, the men released and Paul left for Macedonia. Real Estate Kusadasi
Real Estate in Kusadasi According to Pliny, construction took 120 years, though some experts suspect it may have only taken half that time. We do know that when Alexander the Great came to Ephesus in 333 B.C., the temple was still under construction. He offered to finance the completion of the temple if the city would credit him as the builder. The city fathers didn’t want Alexander’s name carved on the temple, but didn’t want to tell him that. They finally gave the tactful response: “It is not fitting that one god should build a temple for another god” and Alexander didn’t press the matter. estate agents
Pliny reported that earthen ramps were employed to get the heavy stone beams perched on top of the columns.İzmir property for sale This method seemed to work well until one of the largest beams was put into position above the door. It went down crookedly and the architect could find no way to get it to lie flat. He was beside himself with worry about this until he had a dream one night in which the Goddess herself appeared to him saying that he should not be concerned. She herself had moved the stone into the proper position. The next morning the architect found that the dream was true. During the night the beam had settled into its proper place. Real Estate in Kusadasi
İzmir Property Sale Turkey The great temple is thought to be the first building completely constructed with marble. Like its predecessor, the temple had 36 columns whose lower portions were carved with figures in high-relief. The temple also housed many works of art including four bronze statues of Amazon women. property for sale The Amazons, according to myth, took refuge at Ephesus from Heracles, the Greek demigod, and founded the city.
apartment holiday Pliny recorded the length of this new temple at 425 feet and the width at 225 feet. Some 127 columns, 60 feet in height, supported the roof. In comparison the Parthenon, the remains of which still stand on the Acropolis in Athens today, was only 230 feet long, 100 feet wide and had 58 columns. İzmir Property Sale Turkey
House in Kusadasi Shortly after the fire, a new temple was commissioned. The architect was Scopas of Paros, one of the most famous sculptors of his day. By this point Ephesus was one of the greatest cities in Asia Minor and no expense was spared in the reconstruction. According to Pliny the Elder, a Roman historian, the new temple was a “wonderful monument of Grecian magnificence, and one that merits our genuine admiration.” kusadasi property
properties kusadasi The temple was built in the same wet location as before. To prepare the ground, Pliny recorded that “layers of trodden charcoal were placed beneath, with fleeces covered with wool upon the top of them.” Pliny also noted that one of the reasons the builders kept the temple on its original marshy location was that they reasoned it would help protect the structure from the earthquakes which plagued the region. House in Kusadasi
Kusadasi Properties The new temple was the pride of Ephesus until 356 B.C. when tragedy struck. A young Ephesian named Herostratus, who would stop at nothing to have his name go down in history, set fire to the wooden roof of the building. He managed to burn the structure to the ground. Properties in kusadasi turkey The citizens of Ephesus were so appalled by this act that after torturing Herostratus to death, they issued a decree that anyone who even spoke of his name would be put to death.
property for sale in turkey One of the legends that grew up about the great fire was that the night that the temple burned was the very same night that Alexander the Great was born. According to the story, the goddess Artemis was so preoccupied with Alexander’s safe birth she was unable to save her own temple from its fiery destruction. Kusadasi Properties
Property in Kusadasi This temple didn’t last long. According to one story in 550 B.C., King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus and the other Greek cities of Asia Minor and during the fighting, the temple was destroyed. An archeological examination of the site, however, suggests that a major flood hit the temple site at about the same time and may have been the actual cause of the destruction. In either case, the victorious Croesus proved himself a gracious new ruler by contributing generously to the building of a replacement temple. property in kusadasi
real estate kusadasi This next temple dwarfed those that had come before it. The architect is thought to be a man named Theodorus. Theodorus’s temple was 300 feet in length and 150 feet wide with an area four times the size of the previous temple. More than one hundred stone columns supported a massive roof. One unusual feature of the temple was that a number of columns had bases that were carved with figures in relief. Property in Kusadasi